Jan Ernst Matzeliger a prominent name among all civilizations in the invention of shoes. He is considered the inventor of modern-day shoes with the first proper structure through his “lasting machine” in 1883. But the invention of Jan Ernst Matzeliger was just an evolutionary point in the manufacturing of shoes before that there were different structures of shoes of every civilization.
We are gonna discuss all the evolutionary points in the invention of shoes in the context of different civilizations and cultures. The invention of shoes has a relatable and strong history that can be seen in a timeline. So, below is a timeline of the evolution of shoes.
1. Pre-Historic time period
Shoes were first discovered from the stone age because of the need for protection of the foot. As our ancestors have to move through the jagged rocks, burning sands, and rugged terrain. So, the shoes of that time were made of fiber, leaves, jute, and raw leather. Here is a historical picture of pre-historic shoes.
Egyptians, Romans, and Greece were the legends who made shoes to define the cultures and classes of people. There were different sandals for people that may differentiate the king and common people. As shown in the picture below. In the same way, officers had different shoes, and women’s shoes had a different style of their sandals.
Classic Antiquity goes back to the Greek and Roman times of culture when the beginning phase of footwear creation started to flourish. Parts of the turn of events and advancement have stayed in works of art and drawings. The first and one of the most mainstream Greek and Roman shoe models were Sandles.
Dissimilar to the Egyptians, these shoes were for quite some time, went most of the way up the knees, and had numerous bands. In Greek, shoes must be worn by free residents who could without much of a stretch be recognized from slaves. In old Rome, garments and shoes were an image of intensity and human advancement, so the shoes were worn by the individual’s situation in the public eye and their social class. Here’s a model: Roman troopers wore shoes. The more bands the shoes had and the more slender the sole, the higher position the fighter is on.
3. The Middle Ages
In spite of the fact that the Middle Ages are viewed as the dim ages, it was during this time a lot of new footwear patterns and style showed up. The heel was found and was just worn by men from the outset. Likewise, pointed shoes, the main footwear structures, and a crude Goodyear structure showed up.
Toward the start of the Middle Ages, espadrilles came to Central Europe from the Pyrenees and turned out to be mainstream. These shoes were produced using jute canvas, were light and agreeable yet were to be worn in a hotter atmosphere which is the reason they didn’t arrive in Northern Europe.
During the Gothic time frame, unordinary footwear with long and pointed tips, called poulaines flourished. At times, the tips of these shoes were the length of a large portion of a meter. The length of the tip spoke to status. A portion of these shoes was long to such an extent that they should have been attached to the legs with uncommon bands so it is conceivable to walk appropriately. This kind of footwear was produced using various materials, for example, velvet, and it was brightened with extravagant components.
4. Early Modern Times
This is the most developed and prominent time period for the development of shoes. In the 18th century, men dictate fashion in terms of shoes and sandals. Although women also wear fancy and printed shoes that were hidden under the skirts. Art and aesthetic linked up with shoe designing.
Spain and Italy assumed an extraordinary job in ensemble structure in the sixteenth century. Shoes that were made in these nations later spread generally across Europe. They had the fanciest beautifications and designs and were made utilizing the freshest and most in vogue materials of that time.
During the Renaissance time frame, rulers in Europe regularly wore shoes with high heels so as to exhibit their incomparability. Additionally, they could smoothly walk straight through puddles as their heels were as high as 30 cm. These shoes were models of present-day stage shoes. Ruler Louis XIV of France, otherwise called Sun King, assumed a significant job in spreading the notoriety of high heels. Indeed, even now, style students of history allude to men’s high heels as French shoes. It was during the restoration of culture and feel that the honorable knights flourished. They were the first to begin wearing lower leg boots since they were agreeable for horseback riding and battling.
In short fashion brands developed at that time and fashion added up in the objectives of the development of shoes. Moreover, that was the time when Jan Ernst Matzeliger first developed his lasting machine for shoe manufacturing.
5. Modern Times
There was a gigantic forward leap in footwear in the mid of the twentieth century with the foundation and success of American mainstream society. Less expensive crude materials, new structures, and an alternate way of life changed the picture of men of honor and women. Extravagant and great footwear was changed by in-vogue, continually changing brilliant footwear. Hollywood entertainers and vocalists incredibly impacted the development and prominence of this new footwear. The band Shoestheory, the Beatles advocated Chelsea shoes, entertainer Audrey Hepburn promoted little cat heels, and students wore Mary Jane shoes in the fifth decade.
With the expanding number of working ladies, high-heel patterns started evolving. Stages well known in the seventh and eighth decades lost their ubiquity and were changed by low obeyed shoes in the ninth decade.
In conclusion, now we have different norms, styles, brands, and structures which define our need of wearing shoes. Now we have different working shoes, walking shoes, and shoes of styling that ensure durability, comfort, and style.